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Elon Musk To Launch 4,000 Satellites That Will Provide Internet From Space

Elon Musk is currently seeking government approval to begin testing on a project to broadcast the Internet from 4,000 satellites orbiting the Earth. He claims he wants to beam high-speed Internet to all corners of the world.

The plan would transform SpaceX from a company based solely on rockets and spaceflight into an Internet provider to rival the likes of Comcast, Verizon, and other telecom companies in a worldwide market thought to be worth over $2.1 trillion annually. Musk’s plan is to send his Falcon 9 rocket up into space, and then deploy a fleet of satellites around the planet.

He announced his plan earlier in the year, but it has just been released that SpaceX has made a formal request for permission from the United States Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to begin testing next year. Musk wants to find out if the current antenna on his satellites would be strong enough to send the signals back down to Earth.

This isn’t the first time that a dot-com billionaire has dabbled in Internet satellites, and probably won’t be the last either. During the 1990s, a company founded by Bill Gates aspired to do something similar, but as costs spiraled out of control, the plan eventually collapsed. Even the Internet giant of Facebook has scrapped plans for a $500 million satellite to spread the Internet to the far reaches of the world.

But Musk is apparently fairly confident that he’ll be able to get 4,000 up and working. He claims that using lots of small machines that are both cheap and efficient will help his plans overcome previous problems of relying on larger satellites that are more difficult to replace if something were to go awry. And by manufacturing them all at SpaceX, he hopes to keep costs down and solve supply issues.

Grand as his scheme may be, and even if the FCC grant him permission to start his testing, the logistics of beaming high-speed Internet across the globe still make his chances of pulling this off fairly slim. Musk himself has already conceded that getting permission to operate in countries across the world would be “difficult, if not impossible.”

Article Source: http://www.iflscience.com/space/elon-musk-plans-launching-4000-internet-satellites

Mysterious Blue Pools Dot the Surface of Mars

Article by: Paul Seaburn

If the organizers of Mars One – the project to establish a permanent human settlement on Mars – needs something to help bring up their recruitment numbers, this could be it. New photos from the Red Planet show that the Martian surface is dotted with mysterious blue pools and lagoons. If they’re filled with water or some other non-lethal but refreshing liquid, Mars could be the perfect place for extra-terrestrial swimmers, sunbathers and backyard party lovers.

The images were taken in November 2014 by the Mars Express’s High Resolution Stereo Camera and show the Arabia Terra region which is covered with craters of varying sizes, shapes and depths. A number of the craters show what appear to be blue pools that are in sharp contrast to the reddish surface around them. Is this the evidence we’ve been looking for of water on the surface of Mars?

 

PLEASE NOTE: VIDEO IS IN SPANISH

The official word from the European Space Agency (ESA) is that the pools are the result of an “optical illusion” caused by a combination of Martian winds, erosion, dark volcanic sediments, image processing and probably a few more things. Here’s the explanation from ESA:

Is this a hint of blue liquid water? No, it is an optical illusion caused by the image processing. The blue-hued patches lying within the ragged craters are actually dark sediments that have built up over time. Again, this is due to the winds, which carry dark, volcanic, basalt-rich deposits across the planet.

While it’s true that Martian winds can reach 60 mph (100 km/h), hard enough to blow piles of dirt up against the walls of craters, why haven’t we seen these pools before in previous images? And why are they blue and not just a darkish shade of volcanic ash?

Is the ESA telling the truth about these mysterious blue pools? Or did these photos slip out before they could be removed or photoshopped by space scientists who don’t want us to know about these resorts on Mars? Is Mars One already telling Californians they can escape the drought on Earth by moving to the Red Planet?

Hollow Moon, is the Moon, an artificial base? And if it is, who has put the moon in a perfect orbit around Earth?

Apparently the moon is a terraformed, engineered piece of hardware, with a 3 mile thick outer layer of dust and rock, which has, below this layer, a thick solid shell of around 20 miles made of highly resistant materials such as titanium , uranium 236, mica, neptumium 237. Not what you would expect to find “inside” the Moon.

Despite six visits announced by US astronauts between 1969 and 1972, the Moon remains an enigma for scientists in many aspects. The solutions to these riddles may indicate an alien aspect of our familiar Moon. Called “the Rosetta Stone of the planets” by Dr. Robert Jastrow, the first president of NASA’s Commission of Lunar Exploration, scientists hoped to understand the composition and formation of the moon and solve some of the mysteries of how our planet and solar system came into existence. However, six lunar landings later, science writer Earl Ubell said: “… the Moon remains a mystery.

The Moon is more complicated than anyone expected, is not just a frozen billiard ball in space and time, as many scientists had believed. The Moon is far older than imagined, some have ventured out to say that it might well be older than planet Earth. The Moon has at least three distinct layers of rock. Contrary to the idea that heavier objects sink, heavier rocks are found on the surface. And there is a gap defined in the distribution of minerals.

 

 

 

The moon is very dry and it does not seem that it had, at some point, substantial amounts of water. None of lunar rocks, regardless of where they were found contained traces of water or even water molecules bound to minerals. Apollo 16 astronauts found rocks containing pieces of rusty iron Since oxidation requires oxygen and free hydrogen, this rust indicates that water should be somewhere on the moon.

Strangely, instruments left by the Apollo missions sent a signal to Earth on March 7, 1971, indicating that “wind” containing traces of “water” had swept across the lunar surface. Since the water on the surface without air is vaporized, it behaves like wind on Earth, the question was where this water originated.

Ubell asked an interesting question;

If the Earth and the moon were created at the same time, close to one another, how come one body, the Earth has great amounts of Iron, while the other body, the moon, has very little of it. Astrophysicists are unable to explain exactly how the moon became a satellite of Earth.

Magnetized moon rocks were found, not strong enough to pick up a clip but they were nevertheless magnetic in nature. But, there is no magnetic field on the moon, so where did the magnetism come from?

Evidence suggests that the moon may be hollow. Moon rocks studies indicate that the interior of the moon differs from the mantle of the Earth in ways that suggests the presence of a very small core, even though some suggest the Moon might not have a core at all. 1962, NASA scientist Dr. Gordon MacDonald stated, “If the astronomical data are reduced, it is found that the data require that the interior of the moon be less dense than the outer parts. Indeed, it would seem that the moon is more like a hollow than a homogeneous sphere.”

The significance was stated by astronomer Carl Sagan way back in his 1966 work Intelligent Life in the Universe, “A natural satellite cannot be a hollow object.”

The most incredible evidence that suggests the moon could be hollow came on November 20, 1969, when the Apollo 12 crew, after returning to their command ship, sent the lunar module ascent stage crashing back onto the moon creating an artificial moonquake.

The LM crashed into the surface about 40 miles from the Apollo 12 landing site where ultra-sensitive seismic equipment recorded something both unexpected and astounding – the moon reverberated like a bell for more than an hour. The vibration wave took almost eight minutes to reach a peak, then decreased in intensity, something no one had expected to occur.

Experts were even more surprised about the moon when lunar rocks were found with traces of bronze, mica, amphibole and almost pure titanium. According to the Argonne National Laboratory, uranium 236 and neptunium 237-elements that were not previously found in nature-were discovered in moon rocks. Scientists were baffled when they discovered the presence of rustproof iron particles in a soil sample from the Sea of Crises.